The Estonian Ministry of Culture in conjunction with the Estonian National Museum (ENM) and the Union of Estonian Architects (UEAA) are holding an international architectural competition to find the best solution for a new building complex for the Estonian National Museum. The museum complex will be built in the city of Tartu, the second largest city in Estonia with a population of 100,000.
The Estonian National Museum was created in 1909 with the goal of creating as complete a treasury of Estonian culture as possible, including objects and manuscripts as well as art, and where an archive of printed material related to things Estonian would also be located. The museum was dedicated to the memory of the Estonian collector of antiquities –– Jakob Hurt. Its primary goal was the preservation, for the Estonian people, of their disappearing and changing peasant culture. The foundation of the museum was also necessary in order to bring together under a single institution the abundance of artefacts that had been collected. The museum also began to be seen as a symbol of national ideals.
In 1918, Estonia achieved its independence as a political state for the first time. However, the following years did not allow the Estonian National Museum to construct a custom-built complex to house its collection of artefacts. However, in 1922 a permanent location was found for the museum on the Raadi estate located on the outskirts of the city of Tartu, roughly 2 km from the centre of town. The manor’s estate house, which was rebuilt in the 19th century to look like a neo-renaissance castle, became the main building of the museum housing the collections and exhibitions. Despite the ideologically controversial shell –– a residence for Baltic German noblemen, which was both ideologically and culturally revolting for the Estonian peasantry –– the museum at Raadi generally achieved a good reputation among the public. It turned out to be a success as an educational institution as well as a place for the residents of Tartu and their guests to spend their leisure time.
In 1944, during the fighting between German and Soviet forces, the main building at Raadi was heavily damaged by fire. Subsequently, the territory of the museum at Raadi became a Soviet military air base and access was restricted for many decades. The museum’s collection was placed in temporary storage and the work of the museum was continued in various buildings in the centre of Tartu. During the period of Soviet occupation, the museum was permitted to carry out systematic expeditions to the linguistically related Finno-Ugric peoples living in Russia and add materials from these peoples to the collection.
Immediately before Estonia regained its independence in 1991, there was hope of restoring the museum to its former site on the Raadi estate. However, in 1993, a new location was found for the museum in the centre of Tartu on Toomemäe and a national architectural competition was organised. Then in 1996, the Riigikogu decided that important buildings would be restored in the following order: the Estonian Academy of Music, the Estonian Museum of Art and the Estonian National Museum. The ENM has therefore had to wait for its turn until in 2003, when the decision was made to re-establish the museum at Raadi. In the meantime, storage for the museum had been established there, the park had been renovated and the ruins of the main estate building were restored. The next step is an international architectural competition for the museum complex at Raadi.
This Estonian National Museum competition is the second large-scale public procurement in the Estonian cultural sector. An international competition for the Estonian Art Museum was held in 1993; the winner was Finnish architect Pekka Vapaavuori. That project, in size and scope, is comparable to the ENM and will be completed according to Pekka Vapaavuori’s plans in the autumn of 2005.
2.1.1. The Estonian National Museum, contracting authority.
2.1.2. The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Estonia
2.1.3. Estonian Architects Association
2.2.1. This is a competition in the draft plan phase to find an architectural design concept; the competition conforms to the conditions for an open tendering procedure of a public procurement for a design contest.
2.2.2. The goal of the architectural competition is to find the best solution for the new Estonian National Museum building complex as well as the planning of its territory. The site of the competition is the Raadi city district of Tartu. The total area of the planned new building complex site is 16,6 ha, the competition site is 24,2 ha and the planning and research site is 58,5 ha.
2.2.3. The result of the architectural competition is a tender (blueprint), which will be the basis for the planning and design of the building complex on the site.
2.3.1. The architectural competition has one stage, is confidential, international and open to the public.
2.3.2. The architectural competition will be conducted in accordance with § 59 (the provision that regulates design contests) of the Public Procurement Act (RT I 2000, 84, 534; 2001, 34, 189; 40, 224; 50, 284; 2002, 23, 131; 47, 297; 61, 375; 63, 387; 87, 505; 99, 577; 2003, 25, 153; 78, 521; 88, 591; 2004; 56, 402; 2005, 18, 105).
2.4.1. All legal persons governed by private law, legal persons governed by public law and natural persons who are members of their respective European Union member state’s architects association or an equivalent professional association, or groups whose co-author and group leader is a member of their respective European Union member state’s architects association may participate in this architectural competition.
2.4.2. The participant’s qualifications must be in accordance with the requirements of the contracting authority and the Public Procurement Act. Requirements for qualifications of participants are listed in Annex 3 to these general conditions.
2.5.1. The chairman of the committee, members, experts and individuals who are in a preferred state because they participate in organizing the architectural competition, and could influence the decisions of the committee, as well as persons closely connected to these named individuals (spouses, lifelong companions, direct ascendants and descendants, sisters and brothers and their direct descendants, spouse’s direct ascendants and descendants, spouse’s brothers and sisters and their direct descendants) as well as any business partners involved through ownership shall be prohibited from participating in the competition.
The official languages of the competition are Estonian and English.
2.7.1. 1,700,000 Estonian kroons (121,405.75 euros) have been set aside as prizes as follows:
1st prize 700,000 EEK (44,728.34 EUR)
2nd prize 500,000 EEK (31,948.88 EUR)
3rd prize 300,000 EEK (19,169.33 EUR)
two purchase prizes 100,000 EEK (6389.78 EUR)
2.7.2 If the number of qualified tenders proves to be equal to or fewer than the number of prizes and purchase prizes plus three tenders, then the general committee has the right, with a unanimous vote, to leave a portion of the prizes unpaid or to redistribute them. The first prize and the purchase prizes cannot be decreased.
2.7.3 Prizes will be paid, at the latest, one month after the award-winning tender’s designer and the Cultural Endowment of Estonia have signed a grant contract.
2.8.1. The organisers of the architectural competition are not responsible for the safe keeping of tenders. Participants have the right to secure their tenders with their own resources.
2.9.1. To conduct the architectural competition two committees have been formed for the purpose of judging tenders and selecting a winner: the general committee and the select committee.
In order to ensure confidentiality, the qualifications of the participants will be safeguarded by the select committee before the judging of the confidentially presented tenders. The select committee only checks whether the qualification documents submitted in an envelope labelled “Kvalifitseerimisdokumendid” (in English: “Qualification Documents”) comply with the Public Procurement Act of the Republic of Estonia and the requirements presented by the contracting authority. The select committee members do not have the right to study the content of the tenders.
The general committee judges the architectural quality of the tenders and chooses the best tender.
The organisers guarantee that in order to preserve confidentiality the select and general committee members will not come into contact with each other while conducting work for the committee. The select committee guarantees the confidentiality of the identity of the participants from the general committee and the public.
2.9.2. Select committee members:
Select committee chairman:
Valter Napits AS Telora-E, chairman (Estonia)
Select committee members:
Andres Nõlve The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Estonia, Head of the state assets bureau (Estonia).
Ülo Siimets The Estonian National Museum, financial director (Estonia).
Select committee secretary:
Agnes Aljas The Estonian National Museum, project director (Estonia).
2.9.3. General committee members:
General committee chairman:
Raivo Palmaru Minister of Culture of the Republic of Estonia (Estonia).
General committee members:
Jaanus Plaat The Estonian National Museum, director (Estonia).
Dominique Perrault Dominique Perrault Architecte, architect (France).
Winy Maas MVRDV, architect (Holland).
Andres Alver Alver Trummal Arhitektid OÜ, architect, Estonian Architects Association (Estonia).
Rein Murula Rein Murula Arhitektuuribüroo OÜ, architect (Estonia).
Tiit Sild Tartu city architect (Estonia).
Peeter Mauer Ministry of Culture, museum adviser (Estonia).
Substitute committee member:
Veljo Kaasik Estonian Academy of Arts, architect, Estonian Architects Association (Estonia).
Anni Nool NGO Estonian Architects Association, project manager (Estonia).
Substitute committee secretary:
Pille Epner NGO Estonian Architects Association, project manager (Estonia).
Barry Lord LORD Cultural Resources Planning & Management Inc, vice-president (Canada).
Karin Hallas-Murula The Museum of Estonian Architecture, director (Estonian).
Toomas Määrmann Riigi Kinnisvara AS, project manager (Estonia).
Kaur Alttoa University of Tartu, art history department chair (Estonia).
2.9.4. The chairman and committee members have voting rights; the secretary does not have voting rights. The substitute member shall participate in committee meetings, but will only have voting rights if sitting in for an absent member of the committee. Voting during general committee meetings is open. During voting, the general committee chairman will vote last. In the event of a tie in voting, the deciding vote will be the chairman’s.
2.9.5. The general committee may, if necessary, involve experts. Expert have the right to participate in general committee meetings, however, they do not have voting rights and their opinion only serve as a recommendation to the general committee.
2.10.1. The conditions of the architectural competition and the source materials have been approved by the following institutions:
The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Estonia.
The Estonian National Museum
Estonian Architects Association
National Heritage Board
Tartu City Government
Tartu Rural Municipality Government
Tartu County Environmental Authority
2.10.2. During the architectural competition these conditions, the Architects’ Council of Europe “Regulations for Architectural Competitions Held in the European Union” and the Estonian Architects Association’s “Guidelines for Conducting Architectural Competitions in Estonia", will be followed. In the event of a contravention between these conditions and the guidelines, these conditions will prevail.
2.10.3. The committees have the right to amend the conditions of the architectural competition during the first half of the period when tenders are due, by publishing the changes at the same time with the publication of the conditions of the competition.
2.11.1. Orthophotograph of the competition site
2.11.2. Orthophotograph of the competition site and surrounding areas
2.11.3. Panoramic sketch of the film
2.11.4. Map of Tartu
2.11.5. Extract of the City of Tartu comprehensive plan for planned roads
2.11.6. Restrictions plan (in both acrobat reader and .dxf format)
2.11.7. Park surrounding Raadi manor (scanned drawing)
2.11.8. Aerial photographs of the site
2.11.9. Audiovisual material of the competition site and surrounding area
2.12.1. The international architectural competition begins on June 15, 2005.
2.12.2. The architectural competition conditions can be downloaded from the architectural competitions website www.museumcompetition.org
2.12.3. The general conditions of the architectural competition can be read on the website www.museumcompetition.org
2.12.4. Participation in the architectural competition is available at a charge. Payment can be made in the manner described on the web site www.museumcompetition.org.
3.1.3 As of 15 June 2005, the architectural competition's website will be open to the public and all interested individuals will have access to the general guidelines of the architectural competition, participant qualification conditions, as well as the introductory material regarding the City of Tartu, the Estonian National Museum and the competition site. Documents are in Estonian and English.
3.1.2. The cost of the complete terms and conditions package, which contains all of the participant’s qualification conditions and necessary source data, is 2,300 EEK (150 EUR).
3.1.3. Every individual participant or participating group leader can fill out the registration form on the website. They will then be sent a registration code and directions for making the payment. When the payment has been received, an e-mail will be sent to the submitted e-mail address stating that the architectural competition participant may enter the Internet environment where it is possible to download the complete package of the architectural competition conditions.
3.1.4. The registration code must be included in the envelope marked “Kvalifitseerimisdokumendid” (in English: “Qualification Documents”) when the tender is presented.
3.2.1. Participants have the right to present questions only in written form. Questions can only be submitted through the website of the architectural competition at www.museumcompetition.org, taking into consideration the confidentiality requirement.
3.2.2. Questions regarding clarification about the architectural competition can be submitted until October 15, 2005 (date of receipt).
3.2.3. The committee will answer questions within a period of two weeks starting from the date the question was received and will publish the answers on the website of the architectural competition, www.museumcompetition.org.
3.2.4. All questions and answers can be read on the competition website www.museumcompetition.org.
3.3.1. Drawings (plotting board):
- Building site plan: the site plan must cover the entire competition site, i.e. the entire Raadi manor territory, including the present historical part along with the park and storage facilities. The building site plan must display planned height markers, active zones in the territory, traffic and parking solutions, usage regime (taking the primary conditions of the competition into consideration), as well as greenery.
- The building complexes design solution, main plans M 1:400; on the main plans there must be height markers of different levels, rooms, groups of rooms and surface areas.
- Floor plans for the entire building complex, all views, at least 2 cross-sections M 1:400.
- Detailed drawings, if necessary.
- Axonometric views, perspective or 3D drawings; must present at least one interior and one exterior axonometric characteristic, perspective or 3D view.
Note: tenders must be placed on plotting board so that the plotting board’s bottom edge is parallel to Vahi street.
Drawings must be presented in the required form indicated in clauses 3.4 and 3.5.
3.3.2. Model M 1:800 of the planned museum complex’s size and surroundings
3.3.3. Explanatory memorandum (in a separate sealed A4 envelope, labelled “Seletuskiri” (in English: “Explanatory Memorandum”)), containing:
- a short description of the architectural design solution
- a short description of the technical design solution
- a short description of the main materials used for construction, building and finishing
- basic technical indicators.
3.3.4. The bidding proposal regarding the design of the work project (excluding special parts) phase of the architectural plan, building site plan and the interior design plan design idea, in Estonian kroons or euros (in a separate sealed A4 envelope, marked “Hinnaettepanek” (in English: “Bid Proposal”)). The bid made by the participant in the architectural competition will be the basis for the realisation of the awarded work, including the arrangement for the planning of the architecture, site plan and basic ideas for interior design.
The bid should be based on the scope of the basic concept of the architectural design, site plan and interior design in accordance with clause 4.2.3. The participants in the architectural competition must take into consideration that the bid price submitted will be the maximum cost of the future design work described in clause 4.2.3.
Only the winning design bid envelope will be opened after the winning project has been declared.
3.3.5. The qualification documents of the authors of the tender and the registration code as proof of payment (in a separate sealed A4 envelope, marked “Kvalifitseerimisdokumendid” (in English: “Qualification Documents”)).
3.3.6. A name card showing the names of the authors, signed percentage of ownership and addresses, and the owner of the copyright (the right to carry out the architectural project) (in a separate sealed envelope, marked “Nimekaart” (in English: “Name Card”)).
3.3.7. An address card, which contains the return address of the tender (in a separate sealed envelope marked “Aadresskaart” (in English: “Address Card”)). If that envelope has not been included, the tender may continue as a candidate, however, after the end of the competition it will not be returned to the participant(s).
3.4.1. The architectural competition tender must be presented in plotting board format, on an unbending plotting board, and in digital form on a CD, in .pdf, .tiff, or .jpg printable file format.
3.4.2. The tenders must be submitted on an unbending plotting board (horizontal measurement of 840mm) in A1 format (594 x 840 mm). Drawings may be done by computer or by hand. The quality of the drawings must be presentable, printable and allow for the main organiser to display the tenders.
3.4.3. Drawings and the explanatory memorandum must be presented in English or in Estonian and English, in order to make the tender idea easier to understand for international committee members.
3.5.1. The architectural competition is confidential and keyword based. Every individual plotting board, explanatory memorandum and envelope named in clause 3.5.3, must be labelled with a (verbal) keyword (emblems or number combinations are not allowed).
3.5.2. At the moment that the tender is presented, all materials must be in a single sealed envelope of uniform colour, without any external identification and without any specific markings in a single package labelled “Eesti Rahva Muuseum – võistlustöö” (in English: “Estonian National Museum Tender”).
3.5.3. That one envelope should include the following five sealed, non see through envelopes, with keywords written on them:
- the envelope marked “Seletuskiri” (in English: “Explanatory Memorandum”) in accordance with clause 3.3.3;
- the envelope marked “Kvalifitseerumisdokumendid” (in English: “Qualification Documents”) with the qualification documents for the architectural competition and the registration code showing payment in accordance with the Architectural Competitions Conditions clause 2.4 and Annex 3;
- the envelope marked “Hinnaettepanek” (in English: “Bid Proposal”) in accordance with clause 3.3.4.;
- the envelope marked “Nimekaart” (in English: “Name Card”) showing the names of the authors, signed percentage of ownership and addresses, and the owner of the copyright;
- the envelope marked “Aadresskaart” (in English: “Address Card”), which contains the return address for non-awarded tenders.
3.5.4. In the event that tenders are sent via mail or courier, the recipient of the tenders must guarantee the confidentiality of the identity of the sender. The recipient of the tenders cannot be the chairman, member of the committee, substitute member or the secretary.
3.6.1. The submission of tenders ends on November 10, 2005.
3.6.2. The tender must be brought to the Estonian Architects Association, Lai st. 31, 10133 Tallinn, Estonia, by 16.00 on November 10.
3.6.3. For tenders sent via the mail or courier the participant must make sure that the tender arrives by 16.00 on November 14, 2005 at the Estonian Architects Association, Lai st. 29, 10133 Tallinn, Estonia.
3.6.4 If a tender package is personally delivered, then the recipient will write on the package the arrival number, date and time, and will give a receipt containing the same information to the deliverer. Tenders sent by mail or courier service will be registered in the same way.
3.7.1. The received competition designs in a single package and the envelope with the keyword “Kvalifitseerimisdokumendid” (in English: “Qualification Documents”) will be opened by the select committee during the first meeting. During the opening, a uniform package-opening minutes will be prepared, which will indicate the total number of tenders, and the appropriate keyword for the arrival number, and the status of tender packages for that keyword. The opening minutes will be available to the public on the architectural competition website www.museumcompetition.org.
3.7.2 The participant will not be qualified and his/her presented tender will be declared unacceptable by the select committee, and will not be presented to the general committee for review of the content, if:
- the participant(s) does not answer to conditions of qualification set forth in clause 2.4.1. and clause 3 of Annex 3;
- the tender is not submitted by the due date;
- the participant has not paid the required sum named in competition conditions clause 3.1.2.
3.7.3. The qualifications of participants are checked by the select committee described in clause 2.9.2. before the content of the anonymously submitted works are reviewed and judged by the general committee. Members of the general committee cannot belong to the select committee.
A decision made by the Contracting Authority on the recommendation of the select committee, regarding the qualification or disqualification of participants, is published under keywords on the architectural competition website www.museumcompetition.org.
The committee must guarantee the confidentiality of the identity of the participant throughout the entire proceedings until the general committee has reached a final decision and it is made public.
3.7.4. The general committee will judge the tenders which meet qualification requirements on the basis of the following criteria:
- conformity of the tender to the competition conditions;
- suitability to the given environment;
- architectural solution;
- conformity to the needs and functionality of the museum complex;
The participant will not be qualified and his presented tender will be declared unacceptable by the general committee, if:
- the confidentiality requirement is violated;
- the committee finds the submitted competition work unsuitable to professional architectural standards.
Only the general committee members, the secretary and experts may be present at the review and judging of the content of tenders. The general committee may decide to involved other experts in addition to those named in clause 2.9.3.
3.7.5 Minutes will be taken at every select and general committee meeting, which will not be published, if the law does not require otherwise.
3.7.6 The general committees work is finished after the winning project has been determined and others ranked by unanimous or simple majority vote, and the decision is fixed via keywords in the final minutes. The final minutes will be made available to the public on the architectural competition website www.museumcompetition.org. All submitted questions and answers to the competition will be preserved in an appendix to the final minutes.
3.7.7. Prizes and purchase prizes will be awarded to the best tenders in accordance with the procedure set forth in clause 2.7. A tender that partially ignores the competition conditions (for example: competition work that extends beyond the borders of the new building area) may continue in the competition, if its approach is innovative.
3.7.8. In order to prevent possible complications (waiving of the purchase prize and the disclosure of the author) the general committee will select tenders on ranks 6 and 7, which will remain confidential until the higher ranking purchase prize authors waive disclosure.
3.7.9. The general committee gives it written recommendation for the future use and planning of the results of the competition.
3.8.1. By 2 January 2006 at the latest, the committee will publish the winning keywords in the media and on the Internet on the competition website www.museumcompetition.org.
3.8.2. The competition ends with the opening of the envelopes with the corresponding keywords and the revealing of the authors at a public meeting arranged by the organisers on 16 January 2006 at 14.00 at the Estonian National Museum in Tartu, 9 Kuperjanovi Street.
4.1.1. The organisers will arrange a public display of the best tenders starting on January 16, 2006 at the Estonian National Museum in Tartu, and also by arrangement between the Estonian National Museum and The Museum of Estonian Architecture at the Museum of Estonian Architecture in Tallinn.
4.1.2. The organisers will ensure that a catalogue of the best tenders will be prepared.
4.2.1. The contracting authority will use the tender which received the first prize as the basis for future planning, as well as for the arrangement of architectural design, building site plan and the basic idea for the interior design. With the presentation of the tender (design) in this competition the participant gives his/her permission (license) for the use of the tender if it is awarded with the 1st prize in accordance with the objective and conditions of this competition (especially in clauses 4.1.1., 4.1.2.). The prize amount covers remuneration for the use of the work (design) and other fees and costs, excluding those of the future design and compilation of project documentation.
4.2.2 The right of ownership to the awarded tenders will be transferred to the contracting authority. The contracting authority has the right to use the tender awarded with the 1st prize for the realisation of the corresponding architectural project by ordering the building project from the winner of the architectural competition in accordance with the procedure set forth in the Estonian Public Procurement Act and by compensating for future drafting of design work and project documentation at a mutually agreed upon price. The cost of the model is considered covered by the 1st prize.
4.2.3. The cost of the architectural plans, building site plans and interior design plans ordered from the winner of the architectural competition is set by the Estonian Standard EVS 811:2002:
- the preliminary project, to the extent set forth in clauses 10.1; 10.2; 10.3.
- the main project, to the extent set forth in clauses 11.1; 11.2; 11.3.
- the work project, to the extent set forth in clauses 12.1; 12.2.
- the author’s supervision, to the extent set forth in clause 17.1
Those amounts provided in the Estonian Standard EVS 811:2002 are given in appendix 4.
4.2.4. The head designer for the new Estonian National Museum complex will be chosen following the provisions in the Estonian Public Procurement Act governing open tendering procedure for public procurement.
The ordered plans for the architectural design, building site design, and interior design will be supervised in accordance with the Estonian Public Procurement Act, by the chosen head designer.
4.2.5. The participant(s) who submitted tenders retain the right to complete their architectural project in the order prescribed by law. The contracting authority is responsible for the execution of the proprietary rights of the tender(s).
4.2.6. Ownership rights and copyrights of all tenders that did not receive an award will remain with their authors.
Tenders that were not judged and/or did not receive an award will be returned to the authors at the return address given on the address card within 2 months after the last public exhibition of the best tenders has ended. In the event that the tender does not contain an "Address Card", the tender will not be returned to the author and will be preserved confidentially (unopened name envelope), if possible. Otherwise unreturned tenders will be destroyed.
The Estonian National Museum and/or the Ministry of Culture have the right to abandon the use of the tender awarded with the first prize or any substitute that was made in the event that the first prize was not awarded, if the economic conditions, a change in the development schedule or investment plans of the Estonian National Museum, or higher government institutions decisions, or other conditions related to the Estonian National Museum or the Ministry of Culture, which are considered force majeure, so require.
The area of the competition encompasses the elongated Raadi lake, to the north and northeast of which is situated the Raadi manor complex.
The building of the original manor house is dated 1783 and was designed by the French architect –– Fanguet. The manor was later rebuilt to look like a neo-renaissance style castle, the last alterations occurring between 1901-1905. In comparison to other Estonian manor houses, the main building at Raadi is unique in terms of its size and grandeur. In the period 1920-1940 the building housed the collection of the Estonian National Museum as well as exhibitions of Estonian and Finno-Ugric culture and the museum’s art collection.
Today, the estate’s administrative building, icehouse and worker’s quarters have been converted into three storage buildings (with a total area of ca 6500 m²) with modern storage facilities, (storage surface area of 4400 m²) built according to ENM standards. The utilities and some of the roads, the fences and water tower have also all been organised or built as necessary. The ruins of the Raadi estate manor house have been restored, reconstruction of the park has begun and green areas are already established.
The competition area is bordered on the west by a garden suburb, on the east and northeast by the Raadi airfield where a car market is located today and on the south by farmland and unused land. The location on the edge of the city is not burdened with random buildings. The Raadi manor park is within the competition area partially preserved in its natural form. The military airfield is located a little further away from the competition area. Also, on the other side of Vahi Street though not directly in contact with the Raadi property, there is a former gravel quarry now the site of BMX tracks that snake across the site. This track belongs to the same artificial category as the military airport.
In terms of the overall plan for Tartu, Vahi Street is designated for commercial use (i.e. land for service enterprises), which will support the function of the ENM.
The detailed planning process has begun for the territory of the Tartu Rural Municipality, which borders the museums property. The rural municipality is interested in keeping the area surrounding the ENM free of buildings. A recreational area and green area is planned with an eye towards future development of a golf course. Outside of the designated ENM’s contact zone (marked on the map as a limited function area) it is also possible to propose the construction of hotels, sports centres and/or a shopping mall. The heart of the area would remain the ENM.
The surface features of Tartu are dominated by the Emajõgi valley, which was formed in the weakly cemented sandstone during the central Devonian period. The Emajõgi valley crosses many deep ravines, one of which is the Raadi-Maarjamõisa ravine, which is also located on the territory of the Estonian National Museum. The Raadi-Maarjamõisa ravine is buried in sediment, primarily moraine, though sand and gravel layers can also be found. Beneath the construction area is a layer of moraine roughly 10 m thick, which is covered by a layer of sand and gravel 5.8 m thick, which in turn is covered by nearly 2 m of fill soil. The layer of fill soil is composed of construction waste mixed with the existing clayey sand. According to construction geology guidelines the referred to area is capable of bearing a heavy weight.
Hydrologically speaking the situation is a bit more complex since the construction area is located between a lake and a pond in between which water occasionally moves. The pond was formerly used by the military as a rainwater reservoir, the overflow of which is directed into the Raadi Lake. Because of its previous use as an airport, it has been determined that the entire lower portion of the Raadi territory and the pond are heavily contaminated with oil. The entire water regime needs a separate solution, which is why from a hydrological standpoint no obstacles will be set for the general concept.
The green area on the museum’s territory can be divided into four parts distinguished by a cross-shape on a northwest-southeast and northeast-southwest axis. The portion composed of the left wing, main building, ancillary buildings, lake and regular park is unique both historically and today’s terms. A reconstruction project has been put together for the historical portion of the park whose design is consistent with the character of the regular park. The most obvious historical portion is made up of the ruins of the manor house and its floors extending all the way to the lake, which according to plan will be planted with trees. On the other side of the lake is a dendrology park with several hundred different species of trees. The area to the north of the ruins of the main building around the storage areas is by its very character a part of the park. This area has recently been renovated and linden trees, Serbian fir trees, oaks, and other types of tress and bushes have been plated there.
The remainder of the territory’s greenery is in the form of untended shrubs, which is not seen as being valuable. On one portion of the right side of the territory, on the site of the former airport garages, greenery is completely lacking.
In this competition, greater attention than usual must be paid to the topic of the museum’s entrance. The main gate for the Raadi estate has so far been on the western part of the territory on the edge of Narva Road. In the planned new museum complex that entrance may become an anachronism, since it would force visitors to cross a long stretch of land partially passing through the backyard of the museum. We assume that the new entrance to the museum will be on Vahi Street. This assumption would require the placement of a new parking area. At the moment traffic from Tartu can only move onto Vahi Street via Narva Road.
The joint goal of Tartu city and Tartu Rural Municipality is to arrange a network of roads with the goal of extending Raatuse Street, which begins at Town Hall Square, all the way to Vahi Street. This would allow for the main traffic to be divided between two roads – Narva Road and Raatuse Street. Roosi Street could also be considered as an access route for light traffic from the city centre.
The entire territory of Raadi manor has recently become a place for people to spend their leisure time and in conjunction with the building of the museum the site is likely to become even more popular. It must be taken into account that the traditional entrance to the manor may be used for activities not directly related to visiting the museum.
In addition to the lengthening of Raatuse Street included in the overall plan for Tartu, there is also a plan to reconstruct and widen Narva Road and Vahi Street. Vahi Street, in conjunction with the ENM, has been removed from the cities main road network, and in conjunction with Tartu Rural Municipality, the northern bypass will be moved further onto rural municipal land.
The museum expects parking spaces for 550 cars and 22 busses to cater for the various activities available on the territory. This does not mean however, that there should be only one parking lot.
The main goal of the architectural competition is to find a contemporary solution for a building complex that meets the requirements of museum rooms, and also fits in well with the surroundings. One of the most important tasks, beyond housing the full collection of the ENM and assuring the practicality of the new main building, is to ensure that the results of the architectural competition are functionally and visually compatible with the remaining surroundings of the Raadi complex. The new building must relate to the present buildings and surroundings.
The following buildings are under heritage conservation protection:
- The ruins of the main building in the Raadi estate park, dating from the 19-20th century (No. 7088);
- The Raadi estate gate building, dating from the 19th century (No. 7089);
- The area surrounding the Raadi estate manor house ruins (No. 4046).
Two of the cellars on the southwest shore of the lake at Raadi must be preserved and renovated. One of them is located near Narva Road and the other on the southern shore of the lake on the eastern side of the park. The renovation of the ruins of the distillery at the eastern end of the lake must also be considered (i.e. its preservation in the form of ruins) or its restoration for a new function. Also, the preservation of ancient trees must be taken into consideration.
Raadi Park is under environmental protection and thus this area must be turned into a freely accessible green area. Since Raadi Lake is rather small, it is possible to reduce the building exclusion zone on the condition that the path along the shore is maintained and is freely accessible to the public.
Also, plans must include provisions for a building free area. The museum also plans to actively use areas within the territory that are free of buildings. Raadi Manor Park is already being actively used for different types of events (national holidays, concerts, festivals, etc.), and such practices could be further expanded from the buildings to the open areas. In addition to the above, it is suggested that additional open-air areas, which are protected from the weather, be made available for activities meant for up to a thousand people. During the competition, offers must be presented for these types of solutions and open-air areas should certainly be planned in conjunction with the new building complex.
The competition conditions stipulate the potential for an area of new buildings, a research area as well as an area of limited function. In regard to the research area, attention must be paid to the need to reserve an area with no specific or designated function for events that may eventuate that are directly or indirectly associated with the museum. The development of the area of Tartu Rural Municipality adjacent to the ENM will take place so that it is possible for the ENM to expand in the future. As a result of the architecture competition this area should become clarified.
Already within the framework of the competition design, attention must be paid to energy efficiency during the building process as well as in the ultimate functioning of the complex. Similarly, the expectations of the project are directed towards using healthy materials as well as re-circulated water.